WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry
WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry

WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry (Study Guide)

WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry (Study Guide), welcome to naijalanded Academy where you can get your solution and answer immediately.

WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry (Study Guide)

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List of specimens

West African examination council has brought out displacement for 2024/2025 animal husbandry practical specimens, which contain 15 Specimens in number. Below are the list of them.

1. Specimen A is NPK Fertilizer

2. Specimen B is Cow Dung

3. Specimen C is Guinea Grass

4. Specimen D is Elephant grass

5. Specimen E is Centrosema

6. Specimen F is Calapo

7. Specimen G is Silage

8. Specimen H is Animal fat

9. Specimen J is Gall bladder with bile

10. Specimen K is poultry feed trough

11. Specimen L is Scalpel

12. Specimen M is Poultry drinker Specimen N is Water

13. Specimen O is Tapeworm 

14. Specimen P is Feathers

15. Specimen Q is Manure drag

SPECIMEN A – NPK FERTILIZER

The type of manure of specimen E is inorganic manure.

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WAEC 2024 Mathematics Likely Questions And Answers (OBJ & Essay)

The man nutrients released by specimen A (NPK fertilizer)) are:

  • Nitrogen,
  • phosphorus
  • potassium

Method of applying specimen A

  1. Ring method
  2. Broadcasting
  3. Drilling into the soil
  4. Top dressing
  5. Side placement
  6. Row method
  7. Foliar application

Characteristics of specimen A (NPK fertilizer)

  1. It is granular in structure

  2. It has pungent smell

  3. It contains only few mineral nutrients, but in high concentration -The nutrients are fixed in definite proportion

  4. It is not bulky in nature

  5. It does not reduce soil erosion

  6. It is hygroscopic in nature

  7. It is easily leached/does not last long in the soil

Precautions to be observed when applying specimen A

  1. Do not allow direct contact with the plant

  2. Do not apply when the soil is very dry.

  3. Always wear gloves when applying manually

  4. Do soil test to know the deficient nutrient before applying

  5. Do not eat, drink or smoke when applying fertilizers.

  6. Wear protective clothing

  7. Wash hands immediately after application

  8. Do not eat, drink or smoke when applying the fertilizers

SPECIMEN B – COW DUNG

Characteristics of specimen B (cow dung)

  • It is dark brown in color
  • It has bad odour
  • It is sticky in fresh form
  • It is soft in fresh form -It is bulky nature
  • It is rich in micro-organisms.
  • It is amorphous in shape

Methods of applying specimen B (Cow dung)

  1. Broadcasting/spreading method
  2. Heaping/stacking method
  3. Platform/dry bottom Method
  4. Bagging/sack method

Importance of specimen B OR Advantages of the application of specimen B (Cow dung) to the soil/Crop production

  1. It adds nutrients to the soil

  2. It improves soil structure

  3. It stabilizes soil temperature

  4. It increases Cation Exchange Capcity (CEC) -It improves activities of soil microbes

  5. It improves soil water holding capacity

  6. It prevents rapid changes in temperature

  7. It provides buffering effect on the soil pH

  8. It improves soil aeration when it decomposes

Precautions to take when applying Specimen B (Cow dungs)

  1. It should not be applied when fresh to crops on the field
  2. It must not be allowed to touch the plants
  3. It should cure properly before application
  4. Wash hands immediately after application
  5. Wear protective clothing during application
  6. It should be applied when soil is wet

WAEC Physics 2024 Answers (OBJ AND ESSAY) Free Questions

Major nutrients in specimen B

  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Sulphur
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium

Function of phosphorus

  1. It aids enzyme reactions
  2. It is a constituent of cell nucleus
  3. It is essential for cell division I-It aids in seed germination
  4. It helps in ripening of fruits
  5. It aids pod/fruit formation and maturity
  6. It increases crop resistance to diseases
  7. It aids in root development

Factors that determine the quality of specimen B

  • Age of the animal
  • State of health of the animal
  • Type of feed given to the animal
  • Type of management of the animal in use
  • Stage of decomposition of the specimen

Advantages of specimen A (NPK Fertilizer) over specimen B (Cow dung) Chemical constituents are high/concentrated

  1. It releases nutrients faster
  2. It is not bulky
  3. It does not give offensive/bad odour
  4. It does not deplete dissolved oxygen/oxygen in pond
  5. It is easy to apply/handle
  6. It does not pollute pond water
  7. The chemical constituents are known/constituents are in right proportion – It is hygienic/not messy.

Likely Question: Which of the specimens (A or B) would be recommended to improve clay soil and give reasons.

Answer: Specimen B

Reasons: 

  • It binds clayey particles together, thus enlarging the pores
  • It improves water percolation
  • It improves aeration
  • It improves soil fertility
  • It improves soil drainage
  • It will improve soil temperature in clay soils
  • It will enhance the release of locked nutrients and make them more available

Differences between specimen A and specimen B

SPECIMEN A

Specimen B

It is not bulky nature

It is bulky nature

Micro-organisms are not present

It is rich in micro-organisms.

It is granular in structure

It is amorphous in structure

It is not soft in fresh form

It is soft in fresh form

It has known nutrient composition

It has variable nutrient composition

Nutrient is readily available to crops

Nutrient is not readily available to crops

It is expensive

It is relatively cheap

It can leach easily

It cannot leach easily

SPECIMEN C – GUINEA GRASS

Botanical name of specimen K is Panicumreces maximum/Megathyrsus maximus/Urochloa maxima

The group of forage crop to which specimen C belong is grass Agricultural classification of specimen C is grass

Economic importance of specimen C

  • It is used as livestock feed
  • It is used as green manure
  • It is used as fencing material
  • It is used as fuel
  • It is used as mulch
  • It reduces the quality of cultivated crops

Characteristics of specimen C

  • It has aggressive growth habit It is green in colour
  • It is resistant to drought It can withstand trampling
  • It produces a lot of seeds

Animals that largely feed on specimen C are rabbits, sheep, goats, cattle

The major nutrients found is specimen C is Carbohydrate

Major functions of the major nutrients found is specimen C (ie, functions of Carbohydrate)

  1. It is main source of energy for animals
  2. It is a source of materials necessary for fattening/fat storage
  3. It is helps in the formation of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA

SPECIMEN D – ELEPHANT GRASS

Please if we start talking about each specimen one after the order we might consume all day time trying to make each post to them, so we are made it possible to provide a PDF that contain all the specimen and the related questions they are going to ask you today.

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Conclusion

WAEC 2024 Practical Animal Husbandry all specimens Study Guide has been treated in this content.

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