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The examination will follow a structured scheme comprising multiple components. The scheme includes three papers, namely Papers 1, 2, and 3, each designed to assess different aspects of the subject matter.

To optimize efficiency, Papers 1 and 2 will be combined into a composite paper, which candidates will complete in a single sitting. This approach aims to streamline the examination process and ensure a seamless experience for all participants.

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2022 WAEC English Answers:

Test of Oral Objectives:


OBJ Answers:


Title: “Uneasy Lies the Head that Wears the Crown”

This saying illustrates the challenges and burdens faced by leaders in positions of authority. Leading others and being responsible for decision-making is a demanding task. Leaders encounter both praise and criticism, and even their own people may oppose them, regardless of their efforts towards good governance. The saying emphasizes that leadership is not an easy path, as it comes with numerous hurdles and hardships.

A real-life example of this adage can be found in the life of Moses, who was chosen by God to lead the suffering people of Israel out of Egypt. After years of their cry for liberation, Moses took on the responsibility of delivering them and guiding them to the promised land, a land abundant with prosperity.

However, Moses faced numerous difficulties and challenges as he embarked on his leadership journey. He encountered obstacles and conflicts with God, Pharaoh, the Egyptians, the Israelites, and even within his own household. As Moses assumed the mantle of leadership, he began to understand the immense weight of responsibility that it carried. Initially, the people were skeptical and unwilling to believe in him, questioning his authority and asking, “Who made you a king and ruler over us?” This moment served as a realization for Moses that being a leader is a burdensome task, reinforcing the adage that “uneasy lies the head that wears the crown.”

Despite being granted authority over Pharaoh, Moses’ leadership tenure was far from smooth sailing. As the Israelites embarked on their journey out of Egypt, they faced numerous challenges while traversing the wilderness. Filled with worry and frustration, they directed their blame and insults towards Moses, disregarding the remarkable manifestations of the Lord’s glory accompanying them. Despite these divine signs, they stubbornly refused to heed Moses’ guidance.

Their discontentment manifested in constant murmuring, particularly when they faced hunger. They complained bitterly, criticizing Moses for their predicament. In response, Moses cried out to God, and miraculously, manna was provided to sustain them. When they faced thirst, their complaints once again targeted Moses. Yet, he turned to God in prayer, and water was provided to quench their thirst.

These instances highlight the challenges Moses faced as a leader. Despite the miraculous interventions and provisions, the Israelites’ ingratitude and continuous complaints tested his resolve. This serves as a poignant example of the adage that being a leader is no easy task, as even in the face of divine assistance, the weight of leadership can be burdensome.

Although bestowed with authority over Pharaoh, Moses encountered numerous challenges during his leadership tenure. As the Israelites embarked on their journey out of Egypt, they traversed the wilderness, facing a multitude of trials. Filled with worry and frustration, the people directed their blame and insults at Moses, disregarding the awe-inspiring manifestations of the Lord’s glory that accompanied them. Despite witnessing these divine signs, they obstinately ignored Moses’ guidance.

Their discontentment manifested through constant murmuring, especially when they experienced hunger. They bitterly complained, laying the blame on Moses for their predicament. In response, Moses cried out to God, leading to the miraculous provision of manna to sustain them. Similarly, when they faced thirst, their complaints were once again directed at Moses. Yet, he turned to God in prayer, and water was provided to quench their thirst.

These instances shed light on the challenges Moses faced as a leader. Despite the intervention of miracles and divine provisions, the Israelites’ ingratitude and incessant complaints tested his determination. This serves as a poignant example of the adage that being a leader is a formidable task. Even in the face of divine assistance, the weight of leadership can be overwhelming.

From this story, it becomes evident that assuming a leadership role is a challenging endeavor, giving credence to the well-known saying, “Uneasy lies the head that wears the crown.”



(i) The involvement of youths in armed robbery stems from their desire to enhance their social standing.
(ii) Engaging in armed robbery is driven by the intention to acquire money and valuable possessions.
(iii) High levels of unemployment contribute to the participation of youths in armed robbery.


(i) Parents should instill moral values in their children from an early age and be proactive in correcting their behavior.
(ii) Law enforcement agencies should monitor areas with high crime rates.
(iii) The government should provide essential social amenities.


(i) The involvement of youths in armed robbery stems from their desire to enhance their social standing.
(ii) Engaging in armed robbery is driven by the intention to acquire money and valuable possessions.
(iii) High levels of unemployment contribute to the participation of youths in armed robbery.


(i) Parents should instill moral values in their children from an early age and be proactive in correcting their behavior.
(ii) Law enforcement agencies should monitor areas with high crime rates.
(iii) The government should provide essential social amenities.


However, Alani displayed exceptional intelligence and achieved remarkable academic success.


(i) Alani’s success was the result of his unwavering dedication and substantial investments of both time and money.

(ii) His achievements were driven by his diligence and the significant resources he committed to the venture.


Alani treated his clients in a negligent and disrespectful manner.


The main cause of this business’s decline can be attributed to Alani himself, rather than his employees.


Alani began to reconsider his approach when five of his employees resigned simultaneously on the same day.


The business encountered substantial challenges and was at risk of failure.


(i) It functions as an adjectival clause or relative clause.

(ii) The clause modifies the noun phrase “Alani’s secretary.”


(i) Decorations or accolades (instead of “medals”).

(ii) Assistance or backing (instead of “support”).

(iii) Prominent remains unchanged.

(iv) Business or venture (instead of “enterprise”).

(v) Proud remains unchanged.

(vi) Experienced a decline or suffered a setback (instead of “went down”).


This paper will comprise of eighty multiple-choice questions, which must be completed within a duration of 1 hour. The total marks for this paper are 40.


This paper will consist of five essay topics, each accompanied by a passage. It aims to assess candidates’ comprehension and summary skills. Candidates are required to choose one topic and write an essay on it, as well as answer all the questions related to the comprehension and summary passages. The duration of this paper is 2 hours, and it carries a total of 100 marks.


This paper is divided into two sections. The first section includes sixty multiple-choice items on the Test of Orals for candidates in Nigeria and Liberia. The second section focuses on Listening Comprehension for candidates in Ghana, The Gambia, and Sierra Leone. All the questions in this paper must be answered within 45 minutes, and it carries a total of 30 marks.

Please note that the following questions provided are for practice purposes.




Each of the following sentences contains one word in italics and one gap. Choose the word lettered A to D that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in italics and correctly fills the gap in the sentence.

1. Binetou’s inquisitiveness is in stark contrast with her sister’s _____.

A. indifference
B. noisiness
C. calmness
D. dullness

2. Though it initially seemed like an insignificant idea, it turned out to be quite ______.

A. outstanding
B. successful
C. remarkable
D. interesting

3. After grasping the fundamental aspects of his job, Kwesi had to cope with more _______ procedures.

A. advanced
B. academic
C. subsidiary
D. secondary

4. The youth prefer discussing contemporary issues to ______ ones.

A. archaic
B. uninteresting
C. stale
D. political

5. As erroneous as it might sound, the Headmaster’s assumption was quite ______.

A. wise
B. correct
C. precise
D. faulty

6. Halima likes to dwell on trivial, rather than _______ matters.

A. strong
B. popular
C. weighty
D. heavy

7. We all know that Bola is insolent whereas Ade is __________.

A. cowardly
B. respectful
C. humble
D. modest

8. A few days after Musa’s __________, his sister longed for his departure.

A. coming
B. entrance
C. arrival
D. welcome

9. Algebra seems complicated, but with practice, it becomes _________.

A. solved
B. simple
C. accessible
D. achievable

10. Mrs. Agide is unassuming whereas her twin sister is __________.

A. cheerful
B. boastful
C. loud
D. rude


Choose the word lettered A to D that best completes each of the following sentences.

11. At Christmas, employees of Sugar Factory receive huge ____________.

A. benefits
B. dividends
C. bonuses
D. salaries

12. The exposed milk in that container has turned ___________.

A. sour
B. putrid
C. mouldy
D. stale

13. Not all activities champion _____ causes.

A. worthy
B. real
C. concrete
D. favourable

14. The Mayor gave a glowing ______________ at the funeral of the city’s only curator.

A. citation
B. statement
C. tribute
D. commendation

15. At the end of __________, the National Anthem is played on our radio station.

A. programming
B. production
C. transition
D. transmission

17. Unfortunately, corruption is the ____________ of most African countries.

A. venom
B. bane
C. disaster
D. backbone

18. The ______ results proved that the patient had hepatitis.

A. investigation
B. diagnosis
C. probe
D. test

19. The new book has beautiful ____________ which make it attractive.

A. illustrations
B. demonstrations
C. illuminations
D. compositions

20. Their marriage was finally __________ after years of hostility.

A. cancelled
B. annulled
C. broken
D. separated


Choose the interpretation that is most appropriate for each sentence.

21. Can you imagine Oka behaving as he has all the knowledge in the world? This means that Oka

A. does not really know everything
B. knows so much more than we think
C. is admired by everybody
D. respects other people

22. Akin is too full of himself. This means that Akin

A. talks too much
B. eats too much
C. is too proud
D. is quite annoying

23. She slogged her guts out for the examination. This means that she

A. she failed the examination despite working hard for it.
B. passed the examination despite not working hard for it
C. used unfair means to face the examination
D. really worked very hard for the examination

24. I admire Modou: very few people can stomach all of Adaeze’s insults. This means that Modou

A. tolerated Adaeze’s insults
B. was a weakling
C. had no answer to Adaeze’s insult
D. did the right thing by remaining silent.

25. After months of battling with stroke, he is now a shadow of his former self. This means that he

A. is now frail
B. is vulnerable
C. is hopeless
D. has almost recovered

26. Kura, you can’t be too careful when dealing with Wang. This means that Kura

A. has no reason to be suspicious of Wang.
B. can fully rely on Wang
C. has to be very careful in his relationship with Wang
D. may feel free in the company of Wang.

27. Don’t tell me another cock and bull story. This means that the speaker does not want to

A. be further baffled
B. hear the same old story
C. hear another drab story
D. be further deceived

28. Had he confessed much earlier, she would have trusted him. This means that he

A. had confessed earlier on, but he wasn’t trusted.

B. had confessed much earlier on, and he was trusted.

C. hadn’t confessed much earlier on, and he was trusted.

D. hadn’t confessed earlier on, and he wasn’t trusted.

29. Kola: You really worked hard to win the case. Didia: You don’t know the half of it.

A. It wasn’t as difficult as Kola had thought.

B. Kola’s statement wasn’t actually correct.

C. It was even more difficult than Kola could imagine.

D. Winning the case didn’t mean much to Kola.

30. Femi is too clever by half. This means that Femi

A. displays his cleverness in an annoying way.

B. is not as clever as he thinks.

C. pleases everyone he meets.

D. hides how clever he really is.

31. He was such a brilliant footballer!

A. an inspired

B. an intelligent

C. a dazzling

D. a skilful

32. The politician is a fluent speaker.

A. an eloquent

B. a superficial

C. an insightful

D. a persuasive

33. Everyone has the urge to succeed in life.

A. compulsion

B. desire

C. need

D. courage

34. When he heard the gunshot, he ran into a thick forest.

A. tight

B. deep

C. dense

D. close

35. That was a timely intervention.

A. suitable

B. accurate

C. prompt

D. major

36. David is not only hardworking but also scrupulous.

A. painstaking

B. ambitious

C. pleasant

D. daring

37. We really have to be careful because the situation is rather tricky.

A. deceitful

B. trivial

C. unexpected

D. difficult

38. I think that his essay is impeccable.

A. erroneous

B. correct

C. satisfactory

D. faultless

39. There has been a marked change in her study habit.

A. significant

B. real

C. full

D. complete

40. He was directed to write the letter.

A. advised

B. instructed

C. persuaded

D. forced

Paper 2

Answer one question only from this section. All questions carry equal marks. Your answer should not be less than 450 words.
You are advised to spend about 50 minutes on this section.

1. Your friend in another school has requested information about your school to enable him to decide on moving over to your school. Write a letter to him discussing at least three areas in which your school excels.

Dear [Friend’s Name],

I hope this letter finds you well. I was thrilled to hear that you are considering moving to my school and I’m more than happy to provide you with information that will help you make a decision. Having spent considerable time in this institution, I can confidently say that my school excels in several areas that I believe will greatly benefit you.

First and foremost, academic excellence is one of the hallmarks of our school. Our dedicated and experienced teachers go above and beyond to ensure that every student receives a quality education. The curriculum is well-structured, challenging, and designed to foster critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Our students consistently achieve impressive results in national examinations, and many of them secure scholarships to reputable universities both locally and internationally.

Another area where our school excels is in extracurricular activities. We strongly believe in the holistic development of our students, and as such, we offer a wide range of activities to cater to their diverse interests and talents. Whether you’re passionate about sports, music, drama, or debate, our school provides numerous opportunities for you to explore and excel in these areas. Our sports teams have won several championships, our music and drama productions have received acclaim, and our debate club has consistently performed exceptionally well in regional competitions.

Moreover, our school prides itself on fostering a supportive and inclusive community. We prioritize creating a safe and nurturing environment where every student feels valued and respected. Our teachers and staff are not only dedicated professionals but also caring mentors who are always available to provide guidance and support. We promote a culture of inclusivity and encourage students to embrace diversity and develop empathy towards others.

In conclusion, my school stands out for its commitment to academic excellence, diverse extracurricular opportunities, and nurturing community. I believe that these areas of excellence will contribute to your growth and success both academically and personally. I look forward to welcoming you to our school and being part of your educational journey.

Best regards,

[Your Name]

2. Write an article for publication in your school magazine, discussing the reasons why children in your area drop out of school and suggesting ways of minimizing it.

Title: Addressing the Issue of School Dropout in Our Community: A Call for Action


Education is the foundation for a brighter future, yet the unfortunate reality is that many children in our community are dropping out of school prematurely. This concerning trend has serious implications for their individual well-being and the overall development of our community. In this article, we will delve into the reasons behind this issue and propose practical solutions to minimize school dropout rates.

Causes of School Dropout:

1. Socioeconomic Factors: Poverty remains a significant barrier to education. Many families in our area struggle to meet basic needs, making it difficult for them to prioritize education. Children may be forced to work to support their families, hindering their ability to attend school regularly.

2. Lack of Parental Involvement: Parental support and involvement play a crucial role in a child’s educational journey. However, in some cases, parents may be unaware of the importance of education or face their own challenges that prevent them from actively participating in their child’s schooling.

3. Inadequate Infrastructure and Resources: Limited access to quality educational facilities, including classrooms, textbooks, and technology, can discourage students from attending school regularly. A lack of proper.


[20 marks]
You are advised to spend about 30 minutes on this section.

6. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions on it.

Our planet is facing a serious risk as our environment is being threatened. The various components of our ecosystem, including the air we breathe, the water we drink, the seas we fish in, and the soil, forests, animals, and plants that surround us, are all in danger.

New terms and concepts have emerged to describe these environmental problems, such as acid rain, the greenhouse effect, global warming, ozone layer depletion, desertification, and industrial pollution. Human activities are causing significant changes to our environment, with increasing emissions and waste from factories posing a significant threat.

Pollution from waste, oil spills, and the use of detergents is causing damage to our rivers and seas. Deforestation, for the purpose of obtaining timber and paper, not only leads to soil erosion but also poses a threat to wildlife.

Industrial pollution is mainly attributed to the wealthier nations, as they are responsible for the majority of commercial energy production. In developing countries, poverty drives people to alter their environment by overgrazing grasslands, cutting down trees for land and firewood, and farming on poor soil for food.

According to the United Nations Environmental Protection Agency, an area of forest equivalent to the size of Sierra Leone disappears every year. Trees are harvested for construction, furniture, paper, and fuel. They are also cleared to make way for animal grazing, as well as the construction of new villages and towns. However, trees serve other vital purposes. They help protect the land from heavy rainfall and their roots play a crucial role in preventing soil erosion.

Forests are not only valuable for their resources but also serve as habitats for countless living organisms. For instance, the Amazon forest alone is home to one-fifth of all bird species in the world. Our forests may also contain plants and animals that hold the key to discovering new medicines or developing new crop varieties.

To save and preserve our precious world, collective action is required. It is the responsibility of individuals, communities, nations, and international organizations to work together. By learning how to protect and preserve the natural environment, we can ensure the sustainable management of the Earth’s resources for future generations.


a) List three environmental problems mentioned in the passage.
b) Why are forests being destroyed?
c) Why are forests important?
d) What is the responsibility of individuals, communities, nations, and international associations in protecting the environment?


You are advised to spend about 50 minutes on this section.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions on it.
Encountering problems is an inevitable part of life. It is important to acknowledge this fact in order to approach problems with resilience rather than feeling like a targeted victim of fate.

When faced with a problem, the initial step is to gather relevant information and become familiar with the facts. Then, articulate the problem clearly by putting it in writing. This provides a concrete starting point to address the issue.

Subsequently, engage in thoughtful analysis of the problem, ensuring that it does not escalate into excessive worry, as worrying is unproductive. Strive for clear and objective thinking, treating the problem as if it were a friend’s, not solely your own. Explore the problem from various perspectives and consider the viewpoints of all involved parties.

Maintaining a selfless outlook is crucial, as being solely focused on personal interests can lead to unfavorable outcomes. The ultimate goal is to identify all potential solutions to the problem.


a) Why is it important to accept the inevitability of problems?
b) What should be done after gathering relevant data?
c) How should one approach the problem in terms of thinking?
d) What is the significance of considering different perspectives?
e) What is the ultimate aim in dealing with a problem?

Having thoroughly and impartially examined the problem, carefully consider all possible solutions or courses of action. Knowing that you have done this will prevent you from experiencing regret later on, as you can remind yourself that all options were explored and you chose what seemed best. Subsequently, eliminate any proposed solutions that, upon further thought, are deemed impractical.

At this point, you will likely have narrowed down your list to two or three viable possibilities. It is often beneficial to step outside and get some fresh air. Take a walk or a ride, preferably in a location with expansive vistas. Out in the open, reevaluate the problem with a new perspective, and you will find it appears less daunting.

Ask yourself how significant the difficulty will seem in ten years’ time, or even just one. This fresh evaluation will enable you to make a final choice as you focus on the remaining solutions. Before returning home, decide which solution you are going to adopt, and as you drift off to sleep that night, let your last thoughts center around your decision. If in the morning you still feel it is the best course of action, proceed.

If you have a trustworthy friend who can offer sound advice, consult them. Do this before making your final decision, so that you can benefit from their perspective before coming to a conclusion. Discussing things with another person is always immensely helpful. It allows you to isolate the problem and determine which factors are truly important. Even if your friend does not offer advice, their sympathetic ear will provide support. Furthermore, as you describe the available options to your friend, you will gain a clearer understanding. Some choices may even seem impossible as you articulate them.

1. Gather relevant data and familiarize yourself with the facts of the problem.
2. Clearly define and state the problem in writing, simplifying it to have a concrete understanding.
3. Engage in thoughtful and dispassionate analysis, considering various perspectives and potential solutions.
4. Eliminate impracticable solutions, narrowing down the options to two or three.
5. Take a break and gain a fresh perspective by spending time outdoors and reviewing the problem.
6. Consider the long-term implications and make a final decision, reflecting on it before consulting a trusted friend for advice if needed.

For candidates in Nigeria and Liberia only


From the words lettered A to D, choose the word that has the same vowel sound as the one represented by the letters underlined.
1. wit
A. fright
B. wheat
C. tree
D. market

2. look
A. glue
B. you
C. cup
D. curious


From the words lettered A to D, choose the word that has the same consonant sound(s) as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined.
3. dance
A. handsome
B. sandwich
C. adjective
D. pounding

4. plucked
A. smiled
B. slammed
C. luck
D. table


From the words lettered A to D, choose the word that rhymes with the given word.
5. carrier
A. area
B. barrier
C. serious
D. ravine

6. drought
A. crowd
B. nought
C. shout
D. taught


In each of the following questions, the main/primary stress is indicated by writing the syllable on which it occurs in capital letters. From the words lettered A to D, choose the one that has the correct stress.
7. acrimony
A. A-cri-mo-ny
B. a-CRI-mo-ny
C. a-cri-MO-ny
D. a-cri-mo-NY


In the following options lettered A to D, all the words except one have the same stress pattern. Identify the one with the different stress pattern.
8. A. sanctify
B. promising
C. notify
D. organic


In each of the following sentences, the word that receives the emphatic stress is written in capital letters. From the questions lettered A to D, choose the one to which the given sentence is the appropriate answer.
9. The DOCTOR examined the patient with a stethoscope.
A. Did the teacher examine the patient with a stethoscope?
B. Did the doctor cure the patient with a stethoscope?
C. Did the doctor examine the nurse with a stethoscope?
D. Did the doctor examine the patient with a telescope?


From the words lettered A to D, choose the word that contains the sound represented by the given phonetic symbol.
10. / ǝ /
A. accurate
B. nephew
C. ageless
D. waddle

Please note that I cannot provide the specific content of the 2023 WAEC English exam as it is not available to me. However, I can provide you with a general approach to answering the types of questions you’ve mentioned. Here’s a guideline for each section:


1. Letter to your brother: Start with a warm greeting and express your concern for his decision. Discuss the importance of education and its long-term benefits. Provide examples of successful individuals who have achieved their goals through education. Explain the potential risks and challenges of entering business without completing his education. Offer advice on alternative ways to explore his interests while continuing his studies.

2. Article on promoting good reading habits: Begin with an engaging introduction highlighting the importance of reading. Discuss the benefits of reading, such as improved language skills, expanded knowledge, and enhanced critical thinking. Address the challenges students face in developing reading habits and provide practical strategies to promote reading, such as creating reading clubs, organizing book fairs, and integrating reading activities into the curriculum. Emphasize the role of parents, teachers, and the school community in fostering a reading culture.

3. Letter to the Principal: Address the Principal respectfully and acknowledge their role in maintaining a conducive learning environment. Discuss two practices among students that should be discouraged, such as bullying or cheating, and suggest effective measures to address these issues. Then, highlight two habits that should be promoted among teachers, such as regular professional development and fostering a supportive classroom environment. Provide examples and explain the positive impact these changes can have on the overall school culture.


Carefully read the given passage and identify its main points and key ideas. Focus on the main arguments, supporting evidence, and any significant examples or illustrations provided. Condense the passage into a concise summary, using your own words while maintaining the original meaning. Ensure that your summary captures the essential points and effectively communicates the author’s message.


Carefully read each objective question and the given options. Identify the specific elements being tested, such as vocabulary, grammar, or reading comprehension. Analyze each option and eliminate those that are clearly incorrect. Consider the context and meaning of the given sentence or passage to choose the most appropriate answer.

Remember to manage your time effectively, allocate sufficient time to each section, and revise your answers before submitting them. Good luck with your exam preparation!

Tips to Help You Excel in Your 2023 WAEC English Language Examination

Tip 1: Maintain a Strong Work Ethic
To achieve academic success in your WAEC English Language examination, it is crucial to dedicate yourself to diligent and consistent study. Hard work is essential, and it should be complemented by a steadfast commitment to prayer or meditation. Approach your studies with the mindset that this is your primary focus during the exam preparation period.

Tip 2: Familiarize Yourself with Past Questions
One effective way to prepare for the WAEC English Language examination is by studying past questions. The West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) often repeats questions from previous years. By reviewing and analyzing past questions, you can identify recurring patterns and topics that are frequently tested. This will help you focus your study efforts and ensure that you cover all the essential areas.

Sometimes, despite reading our textbooks, we may struggle to determine which areas to prioritize. By utilizing WAEC English past questions, you can gain clarity on the specific topics and themes that are commonly assessed in the exam. This will enable you to allocate your study time effectively and concentrate on areas that are more likely to appear in the upcoming examination.

If you have any specific inquiries regarding WAEC English Questions and Answers 2023, feel free to ask your questions in the comment section. We are here to assist you and provide the necessary guidance.

Remember, success in your WAEC English Language examination requires dedication, discipline, and a strategic approach to your studies. Best of luck in your preparations!